ALPHA-FETOPROTEIN / LIVER CANCER MONITOR
- This test is used to find out if the developing foetus is at risk of genetic disorders and birth defects, such as Down syndrome or neural tube defects. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a protein that is produced in the liver of foetus.
- During the development of the baby, some of these proteins may pass through the placenta and into the mother’s blood stream.
- This test help to measures the level of AFP during the second trimester of pregnancy.
- If the level of AFP is high or low in a mother’s blood then this may indicate a birth defect or some other condition such as neural tube defect, Down syndrome, twins or multiple births.
- High levels of AFP can be a sign of liver cancer or cancer of the ovaries or testicles, as well as noncancerous liver diseases such as cirrhosis and hepatitis